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    Facts about home fires

    October 9, 2018

October 9, 2018

Facts about home fires

Home fires cause an average of 8 deaths every day in the U. S. Review the following facts and use the information to make your family safer.

Fires at home

Facts about home fires

  • Half of all fire deaths occur between 11 PM and 7 AM.
  • Three out of five fire deaths in the home happen in homes with no working smoke detectors.
  • 25% of home fires start in a bedroom. Another 25% start in a family room, living room or den.
  • In 2013, eight people died from fires every day. Cooking equipment was the number one cause of fire injuries. Heating equipment was second.
  • Smoking materials cause the most fire deaths.
  • In 2013 US fire responders were dispatched to 369,500 home fires. The fires caused 2,755 deaths, 12,200 civilian injuries and $7 billion in damage.

Smoke alarms

Test your smoke detectors at least annually.

Make sure to test your smoke detector at least once a year. If your detectors use replaceable batteries, replace the batteries when you do the annual test.

  • Functioning smoke alarms cut the risk of dying in fires by half.
    60% of fire deaths in 2007-2011 occurred in homes with no working smoke alarms.
  • When smoke alarms fail to alarm, it is usually because batteries are missing, unplugged or dead.
  • You should have two types of smoke alarms – photoelectric for smoldering fires and ionization for incipient or flaming fires.
Test your smoke detectors now! Make it a habit to test your smoke detectors at least annually. If your smoke detectors are monitored, make sure you notify your monitoring center before you test!

Cooking fires

  • 40% of home fires start in the kitchen.
  • Ranges were involved in 60% of cooking fires.
  • In the US an average of 156,600 cooking fires occurred during 2007-2011. These fires caused 400 civilian deaths, 5,080 injuries and $853 million in damage.
  • 67% of home cooking fires started with food catching on fire.
  • Microwave ovens were one of the leading appliances to cause scald burns.

Heating fires

  • Creosote build-up in chimneys was a leading factor in heating fires.
  • Portable and fixed space heaters including wood stoves caused one-third of home heating fires and 81% of home heating deaths.
  • More than half of of home heating fire deaths resulted from heaters that were too close to ignitable items like upholstered furniture, clothing, bedding or mattresses.

Smoking fires

  • 40% of smoking-caused fire deaths were caused by fires in the bedroom. 35% were in the living room, family room or den.
  • Alcohol may have been a factor in 19% of home smoking fire deaths.
  • Smoking items started an average of 17,900 home fires per year during 2007-2011. An average of 580 deaths, 1,280 injuries and $509 million in damage resulted.

Electrical fires

  • Electrical malfunctions caused an average of 48,800 home fires yearly during 2007-2011. These fires caused 450 deaths and $1.5 billion in damage.

Candle fires

  • There are 29 candle-caused home fires reported every day in the US.
  • 60% of candle fire occur because flammable items are too close to the candle.
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